Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1861, all litigants “have the right to grand and petit jurors selected at random from a fair cross section of the community.” The court uses a two-step process to select jurors.
First, a master jury wheel is created by selecting names at random from a list furnished by the Guam Election Commission after every general election. Then, names are randomly at least every two years from the master jury wheel to receive juror qualification questionnaires. Individuals’ answers to these questionnaires determine whether they are legally qualified to serve.
If so, the names of those persons are put on a second wheel, a qualified jury wheel. As prospective jurors are needed for a specific trial or grand jury, juror summonses are sent to persons randomly selected from the qualified wheel. All of these selections are carried out through an electronic data processing system programmed to provide pure randomized selection. The pure randomized process ensures that the mathematical odds of any single name being selected are substantially equal.
The video below further explains the above process: